SUNDARA LINGA KUDUMBANAR
Sundara Lingam Kudumbanar was one of the earliest freedom fighters of India against Britishers. He was a General in the army of Veera Pandia Katabomon. Sundara Lingam Kudumbanar went on several peace missionary with the King of Celon. He once saved the life of Veera Pandia Katabomon by killing the British agent that came to attack Katabomon.
At the time of Sundara Lingam Kudumbanar (19th Centuary AD), Devendra Kulam (Mallar, Pallar, Kudumbar, Kaallaadi, Pannaadi, Moopan, Oodayar etc) was not in the Scheduled Caste (SC) list.
By the time of Immanual Devendrar (Early Mid 20th Centuary AD) Devendra Kulam (Mallar, Pallar, Kudumbar, Kaallaadi, Pannaadi, Moopan, Oodayar etc) was included in the Scheduled Caste (SC) list. Members of Devendra Kulam were humiliated and were subjected to various harsh tasks and were identified in a derogatory manner with with other existing Scheduled Castes (SC) of that time (Like Channar - Currently Nadar, Pariar - Currently Adi Dravidar, Chakulliar - Currently Arundadiar). So Immanual Devendrar stood up against these attrocities by caste Hindus (Especially Devars). This led to a series of violent clashes between Devendrar and Devar community. The police supported Devar Community and Immanual Devendrar was killed early in the morning in front of a Tea Shop when he was scheduled to have a peace mediation with the Police and Devar Community.
Thiru R.Deva Asirvatham was born on 15-July-1920 in Muppilivetti, Tuttukkuddi. As a young kid he observed Brahmins of his village giving great respect to Members of Pallar Community but not to other Community. So it puzzled him why! As a kid he hearded his parents and elders say that our community (Pallar) is the supreme of all other castes! He started his career as a Revenue Inspector and was very honest in his work. When he started his job in Tanjavur, people refused to rent him a house later he was allowed to stay in an AGRAGARAM by Brahmins! Once a barber stopped cutting his hair after enquiring about his caste. This left him very humiliated and started wondering why most other caste people hated Pallans but our own Pallars were claiming that we were the Supreme Castes of all! So he started enquiring about Pallars, their life style, the places they lived and enquired to Priests of Temples about Pallars when he visited various cities. The humiliations he went through because of caste from other caste members but the proud heritage claimed by our community people in our villages inspired him to think and research on who Pallas really are. His first breakthrough came about when he saw the stone inscriptions in Srivillipudur Temple about Devendrakulam. After becaming Deputy Collector he had greater access to many ancient Temples and spent most of his spare time enquiring, inquiring, reading and researching the origins of Pallas. As a Deputy Collector he was asked to favor a big Private Company in Madurai on revenue and other land issues which involved huge sums of money. He refused to favor the company. In 1975, Thiru R.Deva Asirvatham was forced into compulsory retirement during the Emergency Law declared by then Prime Minister Indra Gandhi, on the directions of the pressure/influenced by the Madurai based Company (The Company and its owners' community has/had strong ties to Congress).
After Thiru R.Deva Asirvatham was forced into compulsory retirement, he dedicated his entire life, heart and soul to find the truth about the history and origins of Pallar Community. So he researched the subject for more than 7 years going through 1000s of ancient and modern Tamil and English literature, poems, history books, stone inscriptions, interviewing Temple Priests in Meenaksiamman Temple, Srivillipudur Temple and many other ancient Temples, and many others and found the truth that the descendants of great Pandyas, Cholas, Cheras, and Pallavas who were Mallas were humiliated to Pallas and were subdued. His first book, 'Moovandrar yaar' was published in 1977. With the book he expected a great revolution, inspiration and awareness and upcoming of our community. He tirelessly spread this information (the truth about Mallas who were subdued as Pallas) by giving pamphlets, notices in all major Tamil events like The World Tamil Conference, Every year in Sadayathiruvilla (Celebration of Raja Raja Chola's birthday) in Tanjavur, by writing to various Prime Ministers, Presidents of India, Chief Ministers of Tamilnadu, speaking to school Teachers in their Teacherís rooms, by speaking in public gatherings, writing to newspapers and magazines.
When Dr.K.K Pillai wanted to include the Pillai community as part of Mallas and as Vellalars, Thiru R.Deva Asirvatham wrote the book "Vellalar Yaar?" to expose the true history of castes that emerged as Vellalars during the 17th, 18th and 18th Century.
Thiru R.Deva Asirvatham was continuously encouraged by Dr.S.Marimuthu. With the encouragement, support and inspiration from Dr.S.Marimuthu, Thiru R.Deva Asirvatham wrote several more books("Moovendar Yaar - Modified Edition", Republication of "Vellalar Yaar", "Pallar Alla Mallar Aam Mallar", "Moovendar Marabinaraana Devendrar Veelchi", "Moovendar Marabinaraana Devendrar Taal Nelai Yeaidal"). In the early 1990s Thiru.Dr.G.Guruswamy Siddan, took Thiru R.Deva Asirvatham as his teacher in order to spread the truth about Pallar history. Later on Dr.Karuppaswamy, Er.Subbiah and others helped Thiru R.Deva Asirvatham to spread the true history of Mallas/Pallas. During early 21st Century, the discovery of Raja Raja Chola's Burial place at Daarasaram near Tanjavur, on which a Shiva's Temple exists gave more encouragement to Thiru R.Deva Asirvatham.
Thiru R.Deva Asirvatham passed away on 17-August-2007 at Thanjavur. Thiru R.Deva Asirvatham's body was buried at Muppilivetti, Tutukkuddi near his Mother's body.
Thiru R.Deva Asirvatham is survived by his wife, Papammal, 7 children and many grandchildren.
was also got encouragement, support
Many of our community people have not woken up to Thiru R.Deva Asirvatham's call and to his expectation. He wanted everyone to recognize that we were the descendants of the GREAT TAMIL KINGS, but NOT UNTOUCHABLES.
In spite of his tireless effort and work by Thiru.Guruswamy Siddan, Dr.S.Marimuthu, Dr.Karuppaswamy, Er.Subbiah and others only very few of us know our history. So every one of us should pledge and work to enlighten the truth about out history and to uplift our community to become economically wealthy, politically powerful, socially respectable, and humanely cordial with all.
Dr. S. MARIMUTHU
Dr.S.Marimuthu was born on 18-June-1937, at Vellaauthapuram, Rajapalayam to Shri.Sangiliaandi and Shrimathi.Sangiliammaal. He was the second child out of 18 children. Only 5 of his siblings survived. His father Shri.Sangiliaandi was the village chief and his Mom Shrimathi.Sangiliammaal was the Priest of the Village Temple (Sangiliaandi - Durgai Amman Temple). As a young Kid Dr.S.Marimuthu was very active and understood the importance of education. He studied hard and wanted to be in the top of his class. He walked Several Miles to school and has a book in hand even when he went to sleep (So when he got up from sleep, immediately started reading the book). He encouraged his younger brothers and sisters (who were more than 12 or more years younger to him) and kids from his village to study and helped several of them to go to collage and graduate from collage so everyone of them can lead a decent life. With high ambitions set he studied Medicine from Madurai Medical Collage Hospital and became a doctor.
Dr.S.Marimuthu was very honest and helped the poor and needy to the greatest extent possible. He was very brave and stood for truth and the needy no matter who he had to face to get things done right.
While Dr.S.Marimuthu worked for a Rural Health Center Hospital he came to notice that one of the Mill Owners in Rajapalayam ( a powerful congress man) swindled hundreds of acres of Government Land (Puram pooku Land) with the help of Taasildaar. So Dr.S.Marimuthu wrote several memos to government with evidence that the land was government land but the Mill owner improperly wrote the lands to his family name! With great effort the land was written back as Government lands and the corrupt Taasildar was suspended. The Mill owner threatened Dr.S.Marimuthu with several Goondas but Dr.S.Marimuthu organized a strong support from his villagers and averted the dangers. But the Mill owner managed to transfer Dr.S.Marimuthu to a different place with his influence in the then Congress government.
(The Mill owner's son was later the CEO of a Big Software Company and was involved in one of the biggest IT (Information Technology) company Scam that happened in 2008-2009 in India).
For Dr.S.Marimuthu this was the begining of several verbal and written cases to be fought for Justice and for the poor! During his service, he was transferred to more than 23 places (he moved to these 23 places) because he raised his concerns and vehemently opposed corrupt special interest groups time and again!
Dr.S.Marimuthu was the best student and was praised time and again during his Masters studies (MD) by his Professors, but was victimized because of caste discrimination by the Chief Examiner after knowing Dr.S.Marimuthu belonged to SC - Pallar caste. This carved a deep shock in the mind of Dr.S.Marimuthu.
In 1977 when Dr.S.Marimuthu knew about the book "Moovendar Yaar?", he purchased 100s of copies of the book from Thiru.R.Deva Asirvatham and gave these books for free to as many people as possible and discussed about this book at every occasion and in person to spread its contents that Pallas are the decendants of Mallas - Pandyas, Cholas, Cheras and Pallavas. This lead to several interactions with Thiru.Deva Asirvatham that lead to a deep friendship and respect between Thiru.R.Deva Asirvatham and Dr.S.Marimuthu.
As a Doctor, Professor, Dean at 3 different Medical collages at various time, Dr.S.Marimuthu worked to get the best possible care and state-of-the-art facility for the poor and needy with honesty and sincerity. During his tenure as Dean, CMCH was the cleanest Govt. Hospital in Tamilnadu and was given the best State Medical Collage in Tamilnadu award 3 times in a row. The Medical Students at CMCH called him - Appa (Dad) and presented Dr.S.Marimuthu a big statue of a Knight on his retirement and cried with emotion stating that Dr.S.Marimuthu was a true Knight who fought for truth and needy public, who took good and great care for patients, who worked for the dignity of the staff, and was a Morale builder for the Medical Students and Medical Interns.
Dr.S.Marimuthu was married for 39 years with Ms.Ponnuthai who stood with him with great support during the tough and best moments.
Dr.S.Marimuthu passed away on 02-Nov-2005. He is survived by his wife and 3 children.
Dr. G. GURUSWAMMY SIDDHAN